In 2013, 54 million people worldwide sustained injuries from traffic collisions. This resulted in 1. 4 million deaths in 2013, up from 1. 1 million deaths in 1990. About 68,000 of these occurred in children less than five years old. Almost all high-income countries have decreasing death rates, while the majority of low-income countries have increasing death rates due to traffic collisions. Middle-income countries have the highest rate with 20 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, accounting for 80% of all road fatalities with 52% of all vehicles. While the death rate in Africa is the highest (24. 1 per 100,000 inhabitants), the lowest rate is to be found in Europe (10. 3 per 100,000 inhabitants).
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